AT&T is announcing a number of voice over Internet Protocol initiatives, such as a program to develop common standards for the technology and an expansion of its international VoIP remote worker pilot project.
But as the company tries to draw more users to VoIP, its own research shows that concerns about the quality of service continue to dog the market as a whole.
"We are trying to answer some of the questions as to 'so what?', accelerate what can be brought in from the future, and bring forward initiatives that can be wrapped around VoIP," said Jeff Ace, vice president for global business development at AT&T, in a press briefing in London.
Shooting for Standards
With its traditional long-distance business under increasing competitive pressure, Ace readily conceded AT&T sees Internet calling and its associated products and services as the way for the company to open doors to new markets.
"We want to sell more bandwidth and more managed services both in the United States and internationally; to facilitate access to data applications and services," Ace said.
Part of the company's program to develop common standards for VoIP includes allowing its partner companies, such as Intel, Cisco Systems, and Texas Instruments, to test applications and equipment for VoIP using the proprietary specifications developed by AT&T. Partners are also working with AT&T to develop a range of products for the VoIP market, Ace said.
Other AT&T partners include Alcatel SA, Siemens AG, Broadcom, and Nortel Networks.
Workers on the Move
Outside of the U.S. market, AT&T is targeting large multinational corporations and, as part of those efforts, is conducting a VoIP remote worker pilot project involving companies with locations in Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia, and the United Kingdom. AT&T, which launched the free trials in June, says 23 multinational corporations signed up to participate in the project.
Companies participating in the trial include Air Products and Chemicals, BASF Australia, Bausch and Lomb, Global Exchange Service, and Hong Kong-based VTech Holdings.
AT&T expects to be begin commercially offering VoIP remote-worker services, based on its CallVantage Service platform, in the first quarter of next year. The company has yet to determine pricing, according to Niall Hickey, director of communications for AT&T in Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
Cheaper Telecommuting, Travel
Calling services for remote workers--be they people working from home or business travelers--will include global teleconferencing, integration of voice mail with e-mail, and the ability for users to avoid wireless global roaming charges.
According to research commissioned by AT&T and carried out by Economist Intelligence Unit, the biggest draw of VoIP for corporations (87 percent) is its ability to reduce the cost of calls, though questions about quality of service remain a problem.
The issue of quality of VoIP service was overwhelmingly the primary concern for survey respondents. Furthermore, quality was more of a concern for those already using or testing VoIP (67 percent), than for those who have yet to implement the technology (64 percent). "The fact that quality of service is a higher concern for those who have implemented VoIP would lead us to say that not all of the kinks have been worked out yet," said Denis McCauley, director of global technology research for EIU.
Quality problems included transmission interruptions and delays, McCauley said, but users also feared that the system was not as fail-safe as its traditional telephone service.
AT&T's Ace said that the technology has rapidly matured and that quality issues are constantly being addressed. "If it's on our network, you're guaranteed quality, but it is more difficult if a company is using another Internet service provider," Ace said. "On the backbone, there is little congestion; access is where you still suffer congestion."
Despite concerns about performance, 43 percent of respondents to the EIU survey said that they are currently using, testing, or planning to implement VoIP within the next two years, while 18 percent said they plan to implement it in the long term.
AT&T is facing "plenty of competition" in the VoIP market both in the United States and internationally, Ace said. However, in the rapidly developing VoIP market, lines can be blurred as competitors are also often partners and customers: One of AT&T biggest competitors, IBM, is also its biggest customer in Europe, Hickey said.
In the United States, AT&T has since March expanded its VoIP services to 150 markets and expects to have a million customers by the end of 2005, Hickey said. By year's end, the company will add VoIP-enabled options for users of its managed data communications and VPN services.