IBM Sells Its PC Business
China's Lenovo Group signed a definitive agreement on Wednesday to acquire IBM's personal computing division. Lenovo will pay $1.25 billion in cash and equity for the business, which is expected to transform it into the world's number three PC maker, the companies announced.
In addition to money, IBM will also take an 18.9 percent stake in Lenovo, they say. The cash, equity, and assumption of debt combined brings the total value of the deal to about $1.75 billion. The deal is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2005.
A deal between the two companies comes as no surprise. It's been the talk of the PC industry since last week, when reports of IBM's plans to sell its PC business appeared in The New York Times. However, few details were known about the nature of the deal and its possible effect on IBM's existing PC customers until the announcement on Wednesday.
IBM and Lenovo say customers will see no change in product availability and support, either while the deal is being completed or afterward, while the PC operations of the two companies are integrated. Beyond the integration, the impact is of the deal is less clear.
Following the deal, the two companies will enter an alliance under which IBM becomes the preferred services and customer financing provider to Lenovo and Lenovo becomes the preferred supplier of PCs to IBM, they say.
"Lenovo products will be co-branded for the next few years, to leverage the power of the IBM ThinkPad brand with our existing and future customers," says Mark Loughridge, chief financial officer of IBM in a telephone conference call.
"We will have a phased implementation with products initially using the IBM logo as the primary brand and transitioning over 60 months to an IBM endorsement of the Lenovo-branded products," Loughridge says.
Leasing, financing, warranty, and maintenance services will be provided by IBM Global Financing and IBM Global Services to Lenovo customers, he says.
Focus on Services
IBM is getting out of the PC manufacturing business because it sees greater profits in the services market, Loughridge says.
"Our strategy is clear, to be the world-leader in high-value solutions," he says. The deal "helps IBM focus on enterprise and SMB [small and medium-size business] segments where we can best leverage our value-add," Loughridge says.
Since 2002, IBM has spent about $9 billion to acquire over 30 companies including Price Waterhouse Coopers Consulting. In the same period, it has divested several businesses where it lacks scale or market opportunities, such as its hard drives and displays units.
"The PC business is rapidly taking on the characteristic of the home and consumer industry, which favors enormous economies of scale focused on individual users and buyers. This agreement continues IBM's strategic rebalancing of our portfolio on the high-value enterprise market," Loughridge says.
The headquarters of Lenovo's new PC business will be in New York and it will have major operations in Raleigh, North Carolina, in the U.S. and in Beijing. Stephen Ward, currently the senior vice president and general manager of IBM's personal systems group, will become chief executive officer of Lenovo. Yuanqing Yang, currently vice chairman, president and CEO of Lenovo, will become chairman of Lenovo once the deal is completed.
Lenovo will have about 19,000 employees following the acquisition. Of these, about 10,000 are current IBM employees, of which about 4,000 are based in China.
The deal requires the approval of Lenovo shareholders and relevant regulatory authorities. Lenovo Holdings, Lenovo Group's largest shareholder, has already agreed to vote in favor of the transaction.