Tip of the MonthInvestigate charities before you donate by checking with the BBB Wise Giving Alliance or GuideStar.
Hurricane Katrina is still wreaking havoc online weeks after its initial punch. Katrina scams are showing up in inboxes and on Web sites, preying on the good-willed, the vulnerable, and even sometimes the greedy.
Scams include identity theft, Trojan horses, bogus investments, and credit-card fraud. Some experts warn of upcoming rip-offs like thousands of severely water-damaged (and smelly) cars from Louisiana being hawked online as in good condition.
The most popular scam seems to be a ploy to get you to divulge your credit-card number or PayPal account information. Many phishing scams in which people receive e-mails that link to Web sites that look similar to legitimate charity sites have been reported.
Missouri and Florida both took action earlier this month to shut down Web sites with names such as katrinahelp.com and katrinafamilies.com. On September 2, Florida Attorney General Charlie Crist filed a civil lawsuit in Nassau County, Florida Circuit Court against Robert Moneyhan, the Webmaster for katrinahelp.com, katrinadonations.com, katrinarelieffund.com, and katrinarelief.com. Moneyhan allegedly used these sites to direct donations to his private PayPal account.
Suspicious Katrina help sites are commonplace, say law-enforcement officials. The Federal Trade Commission warns that con artists are taking advantage of the disaster to rip off people who want to help victims of the hurricane.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation says 60 percent of the 2000 sites it has reviewed that claim to offer aid to Katrina victims are registered to people outside the United States. In a statement, the agency warns these sites are likely to be fraudulent.
More than 2500 storm-related sites have been registered since August, including 450 domains with the word Katrina in them, according to the SANS Institute's Internet Storm Center. The majority of those sites are still "under construction," says the ISC.
'News' Leading to Trojan Horses
There have increasingly been reports of hackers pasting news about the hurricane into e-mails with "read more" links. Those who click on the links are unwittingly taken to Web sites that secretly install Trojan horse software that gives hackers control over their computer.
For example, experts at both OnlyMyEmail and F-Secure report that they've seen e-mail containing news stories about the Katrina disaster efforts, with a link to "read more" that sends readers to a site that uses a browser security exploit to install the malicious Phel program.
Some con artists are trying to persuade people to invest in post-Katrina stock scams. The Federal Security and Exchange Commission recently issued a warning about investment scams tied to speculation about spiking energy prices. One spam message referred to "a spate of refinery glitches and an unusually active hurricane season" and claims investors could more than double their money in just days on certain penny stocks.
NASD, a private-sector provider of financial regulatory services, says it's aware of investment scams associated with the clean-up or rebuilding of devastated areas. The group recently issued an alert warning investors to beware of scams promoted through faxes and e-mail. One example includes a fax claiming that Katrina would mean a "massive run up" in an unnamed company's stock "as demand to repair homes skyrockets." The fax states, "Any company that gets a tiny slice--even one percent--of this business could add a minimum of $260 million to its bottom line." It urges investors to act quickly and buy the company's "undervalued" stock.
According to a news story in the Kansas City Star, automobile experts and insurance specialists are warning that 250,000 to 500,000 "smelly soggy" cars from the New Orleans area could make their way onto Internet auction sites and into used car lots in neighboring states.
According to experts cited in the article, unscrupulous dealers could buy storm-damaged cars, dry them out, clean them up, and stick an air freshener in them. An unsuspecting buyer could be stuck with a car prone to electrical and engine problems because of corrosive saltwater damage to wiring and the engine. Also at issue is the toxic residue left behind, which could make the vehicle a health hazard.
Some scammers are reportedly preying on the desperation of victims trying to reunite with loved ones. In an e-mail message reported by Meline, Illinois-based TV station WQAD, an e-mail sender offered to locate Katrina victims for a small fee.
In response to the rampant Katrina fraud, including victims' services, insurance scams, and government benefit fraud, the U.S. Department of Justice has launched a fraud task force. Use the site to report or submit a complaint about suspected fraudulent sites or e-mail pitches.
See my "Tip of the Month" for ways to check out charities before donating. And if you don't feel comfortable donating online, you can always pick up the phone and do it. Here is a list of well-known agencies:
- American Red Cross, 800/435-7669
- America's Second Harvest, 800/344-8070
- Catholic Charities USA, 800/919-9338
- Habitat for Humanity,800/422-4828
- Salvation Army, 800/725-2769