Microsoft as expected has released one critical security update for its Exchange messaging server and two security updates for Windows, one of which was critical.
In Microsoft's rating system, a critical vulnerability means it could allow unauthorized software to be installed without user action.
The third patch released Tuesday fixes two vulnerabilities in Windows rated as "moderate," according to Microsoft, which described the release last week.
More information may be found at Microsoft's monthly security bulletin.
Flash Patched, Too
Amol Sarwate, the Vulnerability Research Lab manager for Qualys, said the vulnerability in Exchange was the most critical of the three. That flaw could allow a remote user to send e-mail with malicious content in it that would take control of Exchange or a user's computer. The flaw also could have been automated to create an e-mail worm, he said.
Qualys provides software as a service for vulnerability and compliance management.
The critical Windows flaw was in the version of Adobe Flash Player that comes with the operating system, Sarwate said. It could allow miscreants to create malicious Flash-based Web sites or animated files that could take control of an unsuspecting user's system if he or she clicked to view those files.
Adobe Systems also has released a patch for the Flash Player flaw and Windows users can install either Adobe's or Microsoft's patch to fix their systems, he added.
Server Issues Addressed
The third Microsoft patch was for two vulnerabilities in the Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MDTC), which controls Microsoft SQL Server database transactions.
Even though the MDTC flaws could have allowed an attacker to shut down that component, they were rated as moderate, not critical, because Windows services without dependence on the MDTC would not have been affected, a spokesperson from Microsoft's public relations firm Waggener Edstrom said via e-mail. In general, an attack on the MDTC vulnerabilities would not affect the overall stability of Windows.
Microsoft will host a Webcast to discuss the security updates on Wednesday at 11 a.m. Pacific Standard Time. More information about the Webcast can be found at Microsoft.
All three security updates were released as part of Microsoft's monthly security patch process, called "Patch Tuesday" by security researchers because the fixes are released on the second Tuesday of the month. The next such update is scheduled for June 13.