Finally, Microsoft has shown its cards for the successor to the sputtering Windows Mobile: The Windows Phone 7 OS debuted at the Mobile World Congress this week, and it should hit store shelves by the Christmas holidays. Also, Nokia and Intel dropped their respective smartphone OS contenders -- Maemo and Moblin -- and instead said they would merge the two efforts and produce a new smartphone OS called MeeGo this spring, with devices to follow by the holidays.
Do Windows Phone 7 OS and MeeGo change the equation for users of and developers for smartphones? Yes and no.
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Upsetting the Smartphone Cart
The awkwardly named Windows Phone 7 is a radical remake of Windows Mobile, whose complex, variable interface and attempt to cram a computer into a smartphone's small screen simply didn't work. Originally popular in some industries as a minicomputer for field forces, Windows Mobile has increasingly been displaced by the iPhone and then Android operating systems.
Microsoft hasn't shared many details of WinPhone, so I have to take the love fests emanating from fanboy sites like Engadget with a big grain of salt. But based on what Microsoft has demoed, the WinPhone is at least interesting.
WinPhone mixes a very 20-something UI heavy on messaging, games, music, and photos with standard 40-something business capabilities such as a mobile Office productivity suite and the mobile Outlook email client. And there's the mobile Internet Explorer Web browser for users of all ages.
Learning from Apple
Microsoft is clearly taking a big page from Apple's book by putting its Zune and Xbox capabilities front and center -- much as the iPhone did with its iPod functions at the 2007 launch of the iPhone. The computer capabilities of the WinPhone are hardly mentioned, a major break from Windows Mobile's microcomputer legacy. And Microsoft is emphasizing gaming, much as Apple does for its phone-less iPod Touch -- but unlike Apple, Microsoft can leverage its Xbox reputation for the WinPhone.
But Microsoft is not only copying Apple's playbook -- it's lifting some innovations from the Palm WebOS, specifically the notion of cards. Additionally, it's aping Android's execution of combined capabilities in a single "tile," in which Android lets you see all messages in one app, rather than having to switch among dedicated apps for email, SMS, Twitter, and the like.
What's hardly mentioned is the ability to run apps, an iconic capability of the iPhone that every other smartphone vendor has copied. WinPhone will run apps and tap into the Windows Mobile Marketplace, though it's unclear whether old WinMo apps will be WinPhone-compatible. It's just that Microsoft is trying to not let Windows Phone 7 look like yet another iPhone clone.
Promises and Potential
Still, at first glance, Microsoft appears to have something new on the table. Would I wait on getting an iPhone, Android smartphone, or Palm Pre because of Windows Phone 7? No. Every so-called iPhone-killer has revealed significant flaws at actual product release, and I can't imagine that Microsoft would be any different.
But I can easily see that in 2011 WinPhone might a real force within the smartphone market, threatening the innovative but low-traction Palm WebOS most, but also Google's Android OS. WinPhone appeals to the same 20-something crowd as those two operating systems, but has business credibility as well thanks to its Office and Outlook support and legacy of enterprise-class manageability and security. Neither WebOS nor Android can be used in any serious business context due to poor security and management features.
And WinPhone could emerge as a compelling alternative to the iPhone, given its 20-something hook. In the business context, WinPhone likely will be more enterprise-class in its manageability and security -- but I wonder if the 20-something UI of WinPhone will counteract its attractiveness to older business users and relegate WinPhone to a Zunish niche.