Foursquare also has a list capability that was implemented last August. A list lets a Foursquare user build a group of businesses that they prefer to frequent, such as "my favorite restaurants" or "10 great independent bookstores." By sharing these lists with friends, Foursquare users can share their interests and favorites in larger chunks of information.
But end-users aren't the only ones that can benefit from lists. Businesses can also create branded compilations that can bring customers directly into their door, as well as deliver their brand in other ways.
Foursquare is clearly the one to beat in this space.
Compared to Facebook and the other LBSes, Latitude's story seems more like a confusing labyrinth.
It was originally built by the same folks who created the Dodgeball geo-location service, which Google bought in 2005. (Eventually, the two Dodgeball founders left Google under less-than-ideal circumstances.) One of the Dodgeball creators, Dennis Crowley, would go on to found Foursquare after Google halted Dodgeball in 2009 and replaced it with Latitude.
The Google Latitude service is an add-on to Google Maps that allows mobile phone users to let specified Google account members know where they are. The location can appear on, say, Google Plus as a status update, or can be viewed on an iGoogle home page in case a loved one wants to see where you are at any given moment. The service also features automated check-ins and departures, and deals. Android users of Google Latitude recently got the ability to see a check-ins leaderboard, which let them see other users who are checking in at that particular business.
Google far and away has the best and broadest reach of any of its LBS competitors to get advertising connected with geolocation.
Up and coming LBSs
There are other, less well-known location-based services for mobile devices out there. Here are a few that definitely bear watching:
Banjo: Banjo is a "social discovery" app designed to bridge the gap between different social media networks. It was designed by founder Damian Patton, who was in Logan Airport tweeting while a friend he had not seen in years was just feet away on Foursquare, and they didn't realize it. Banjo coordinates location information from the various social networks and lets you know where friends are no matter what social network they're using.
Highlight: A recent media darling of the SXSW conference, Highlight lets you know when you are physically near those people with whom you share a second-level connection, such as your brother's best friend, or a business associate's co-worker. It can even share locations for those who have similar interests or even live in the same hometown -- nice to know when traveling far from home.
Neer: Neer refines LBS down to the very personal level. You set it up for a close circle of family and friends and the app will inform you when that person is near or leaving a given location. A spouse could configure it to automatically send a note to their partner when they're leaving work, for example. It can also be configured to ping you with geo-oriented reminders, like when you're near the grocery story and need to buy milk.
Unsocial: A Foursquare for professionals, Unsocial uses your LinkedIn account along with keywords to help you connect with other professionals in your immediate area. Once you've found somebody whom you think you can do business with (or just exchange professional gossip), you can message them to see if they want to talk and/or meet. You can also find out what events are happening in your area.
Waze: Labeled as a "social driving app," Waze is an LBS that can passively identify problems on a given route (sudden slow traffic indicates a traffic jam). With just a few taps, the app can also deliver more detailed information, such as road hazards and accident locations. Don't worry, typing is disabled while the vehicle is in motion.
There are a lot of compelling pieces here, pieces that would seem to be perfect for a success story. So what's the problem?
"Latitude was one of those things Google said 'Hey, we think this is something important, and we ought to have it out there,'" Christy says. But, he continues, they've done basically little else.
Silva agrees, seeing Latitude as one part of the giant Google Services machine. "Latitude is one asset that will make other assets better," Silva says. "It will probably be a super power for another Google application."
These are similar to the problems Facebook Places experienced when that service was initially launched: The service was released, it had big potential and then no one knew what to do with it. Unlike Facebook's pull-back-and-regroup effort now underway, it doesn't appear that Google is doing anything but pushing Latitude forward and hoping that the general rise in Google services adoption will drive more people into Latitude use.
Yelp has simultaneously delighted and angered businesses by enabling customers to immediately review service and products from local businesses, right from their mobile devices.
Any of the other services mentioned here can let you review a business, but for Yelp it's the reason for existing. "Yelp is all about the peer reviews," Christy says.
Yelp is interesting because it straddles two platforms. Desktop users can use Yelp as a pure "where-am-I-going-to-eat-tonight?" research assistant, making it more of a local search tool than a true LBS. But on mobile, it's an LBS through and through. Smartphone users get results close to where they are, while the Monocle feature enables users to hold up a camera-equipped device and see augmented reality overlays about the restaurants and businesses that are in front of them.
Businesses have had, until recently, one official way to interact with Yelp: Buying yellow-page style advertising on the Yelp site. This can be a bit dicey, though, because sometimes ads will appear next to negative reviews, which can negate the positive effects of the ad itself and waste a business' money.
In fact, there have been accusations that Yelp's reviews weren't reliable -- that, for example, businesses "astroturf" their entries by encouraging or even paying people to post positive reviews. Yelp CEO Jeremy Stoppelman countered these allegations in an October 2011 blog entry in which he writes, "We work hard to keep that trust by protecting the integrity of our review content, and use a number of methods to prevent shill or otherwise unreliable reviews from misleading consumers and harming businesses."
These bumps aside, Yelp has done very well in the business information space of LBS, inspiring a number of similar competitors. Yelp's ease of use and sheer number of businesses listed makes it an invaluable source of information, particularly for travelers new in town. Yelp's mobile client is easy to use and fast.
Lately, in an attempt to position itself more against Foursquare, Yelp has introduced check-ins for businesses, with very familiar-sounding gaming aspects: Users can become barons, lords, kings and queens of businesses, neighborhoods and cities, respectively. They can also see which businesses their friends have visited.
Silva sees some potential in Yelp moving forward, but he does not believe that Yelp has the chops to take Foursquare head-on, as it seems to be doing.
"They need to focus on the things in their service that are unique, like Monocle," Silva explains. "They should be improving on this AR [augmented reality] service and using it to help leaders like Foursquare augment their services."
Yelp has also added the capability for businesses to offer check-in offers to loyal customers -- again, very much like Foursquare. "It will be interesting to see how this particular feature plays out. We could see statistically more positive reviews from Yelp users (because they are getting loyalty rewards), or more upset businesses that are angry they are getting negative reviews even though they are giving out loyalty rewards," Christy says.
Location-based services can have a lot or a little to offer businesses, but all of them should be watched, because ultimately connecting customers to merchants is what any LBS has to do. And beyond the desktop, pure-play start-ups are figuring how to combine where you are into unique offerings designed to deliver real value and new customers wherever those customers may be.
The LBS game is still rapidly maturing, and as more smartphones penetrate the market, businesses would do well to consider their best LBS strategy, so they can find the customers that are seeking to find them.
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This story, "Location-based Services: Are They There Yet?" was originally published by Computerworld.