How to Build an Energy-Efficient and Quiet Gaming PC

Inside the Box

Before going over the components, let’s take a peek inside the finished PC.

A really fast GPU, sealed liquid cooling, and an interesting power supply…

It’s All About Power

The key to the power efficiency of this system was selecting the right power supply. One important aspect of the decision was my complete lack of desire for a second GPU. Instead, I wanted a single, high-performance graphics card that could handle almost anything I threw at it.

Freeing myself from the need for a second GPU allowed me to pick a power supply with just two PCI Express graphics connectors. That power supply is the Antec Earthwatts Platinum 650W unit, which is 80 Plus Platinum certified. A power supply that's 80 Plus Platinum certified must maintain close to 90 percent efficiency throughout its range, even under load and idle extremes.

Antec’s highly efficient Earthwatts Platinum 650W power supply.

The upside is low maximum power consumption and high efficiency. The downside is that we have only two PCI Express power connectors and a lack of modularity--all existing power connectors are permanently attached. If you need more power for a second GPU, a great alternative is Seasonic’s Platinum 860W power supply, but that would set you back $220 instead of the Antec’s $120 cost.

Nvidia Finally Gets Power Efficiency

Maybe it’s all the effort Nvidia has been spending lately on building low-power processors for mobile devices. Or maybe the company just got tired of having low-wattage sand kicked in its face by AMD. Whatever the reason, Nvidia’s latest high-end GPU, the GeForce GTX 680, is a power-sipping prodigy. The Asus-branded GTX 680 card I selected requires two six-pin power connectors, something unheard of in a flagship graphics card.

An Nvidia GTX 680 from Asus. It's efficient. It's fast. And it supports four monitors.

Nvidia also endowed the GTX 680 with the ability to support four displays; I currently have one running three 30-inch panels on my desktop, which gives me a total of 12 megapixels of screen real estate. Trust me, that's a lot of windows.

The GTX 680 is certainly faster than AMD’s flagship Radeon HD 7970, but it’s also smaller, quieter, and cooler. The 1536 GPU cores translate into superb performance in modern PC games. Even a huge performance hog such as Metro 2033 reaches over 30 frames per second at 1920 by 1200 screen resolution. Perhaps more representative is the 62 fps we saw in Batman: Arkham City at 1920 by 1200, with maximum detail levels and 4x multisampling antialiasing enabled.

The Processor-Motherboard-Memory Triangle

I wanted a platform that offered growth potential without sacrificing performance. That meant LGA 2011, which supports huge memory bandwidth and Intel’s top-of-the-line CPUs. On the other hand, I didn’t want to break the bank, so I opted for the lowest-cost LGA 2011 CPU: the quad-core Core i7-3820. It has 10MB of L3 cache, a quad-channel DDR3 memory controller, and Hyper-Threading support. It includes a staggering 40 PCI Express lanes, making it suitable for multi-GPU setups, if you so desire. Offering a base clock of 3.6GHz and a maximum Turbo Boost speed of 3.8GHz, it’s no performance slouch. The two additional cores that ship with the pricier 3920K and 3960X CPUs won’t add much to gaming performance, either.

The underlying motherboard platform is the Gigabyte GA-X79-UD3 board, based on Intel’s X79 chipset. It’s one of the more power-efficient X79 boards available.

Gigabyte’s lowest-cost X79 board offers plenty of I/O. Its one "limitation": four memory sockets.

A good motherboard and CPU demand good memory, but I also wanted efficient memory. Kingston supplied us with a pair of 8GB HyperX LoVo memory kits. They're capable of running at 1600MHz while sipping just 1.5V (instead of the usual 1.65V), but I kept them at the default 1333MHz. After all, with four memory channels available, there’s no lack of memory bandwidth.

HyperX LoVo is really fast memory that runs at just 1.5 volts.

I used Corsair’s H60 sealed liquid CPU cooling system, which you can see in the open-case photo above. A sealed liquid cooler offers a lower profile than big air coolers do, so it improves overall airflow while maintaining a sub-40 degrees Celsius idle CPU temperature.

Storage

Want fast storage or lots of storage? How about both? The boot drive on this system is a 250GB Intel 510 Series solid-state drive.

The Intel 510 250GB drive is plenty fast--and reliable, too.

The secondary drive is a two-platter, WD1002 FAEX hard drive, which offers enough storage for user data folders.

Prices are gradually starting to come down on rotating media such as this Western Digital WD1002 FAEX hard drive. Gradually.

Note that the optical drive I used in this ultra-quiet and energy-efficient gaming PC is Asus’s latest Blu-ray combo drive, the BC-12B1ST. At under $60, it’s not much pricier than standard DVD drives.

For the operating system, I’m using Windows 7 Ultimate (64-bit), but Windows 7 Professional would do just as well. These days I avoid Windows 7 Home Premium due to its 16GB memory limit.

Cost and Alternatives

This system is efficient and relatively quiet, and it offers good potential for future expansion--but it is a high-end system. Let’s see how it prices out.

ComponentPrice
Intel Core i7-3820 CPU $310
Gigabyte GA-X79-UD3 X79 motherboard $240
16GB Kingston HyperX LoVo DDR3-1600 RAM (two 8GB kits) $118
Asus GTX680-2D5 graphics card (2GB GDDR5) $530
Corsair Obsidian 550D PC chassis $130
Antec Earthwatts Platinum 650W power supply $120
Corsair H60 sealed liquid CPU cooler $65
Intel 510 Series 250GB solid-state drive $520
Western Digital WD1002 FAEX hard drive $140
Asus BC-12B1ST Blu-ray combo drive $58
Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate OEM $190
Total $2421

In the end, what we have is a high-end gaming rig with lots of RAM, a superb graphics card, an SSD boot drive, and plenty of secondary storage. If I wanted a lower-cost system, I might go with one of the new Ivy Bridge CPUs, although I’d have to wait a few weeks until they became more widely available. The Core i7-3770K will likely cost a few dollars more, but a motherboard based on the Z77 chipset will cost less than an X79 motherboard.

If you’re using Ivy Bridge, you could buy just 8GB of RAM, which would cut memory costs in half. I’d keep the 1TB Western Digital hard drive, but replace the Intel 510 with a much smaller, lower-cost SSD that could act as a very fast hard-drive cache using Intel’s SmartResponse technology. Storage costs would probably be more like $270 instead of $660. The total cost of the hypothetical Ivy Bridge system would drop down below the $2K mark.

One other possible change: Graphics cards based on Nvidia’s GTX 680 GPU are in short supply currently, but you can easily find an AMD Radeon HD 7970 for about $480. It’s nearly as fast and just a tad noisier, and it consumes only a little more power.

Still, I’d be loath to give up this nifty LGA 2011 system. LGA 2011 will live beyond the current Sandy Bridge Extreme and support a future Ivy Bridge-based CPU, so it still has some growth potential. And even if LGA 2011 never sees an upgrade, it should handle today’s PC games and future titles with aplomb. Build it into a system such as the one shown here, and you can play games at any hour of the day or night without waking relatives or roommates, or racking up a huge electricity bill. Good luck!

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