AMD said it will give developers unprecedented access to the guts of its GPUs next year, when it pushes out GPUOpen, an antithesis to Nvidia’s controversial GameWorks program.
“As a continuation of the strategy we started with Mantle, we are giving even more control of the GPU to developers,” AMD said in a statement. The goal, the company continued, is to make developing for the PC as easy as developing for the console. “AMD GPUOpen for gaming is giving developers the ability to harness the investments they’ve made on console development, including feature-rich, close-to-the-metal programming, and bring that to life on PC game development. Game developers will now have direct access to GPU hardware, access to a large collection of open source effects, tools, libraries and SDKs.”
Why this matters: AMD is betting that an open-source approach will attract developers who want more freedom than Nvidia's closely controlled GameWorks middleware allows.This isn't the first time AMD has tried to get a leg up on Nvidia, though, and it's tough to battle such a juggernaut.
Direct access to the GPU
AMD contrasts GPUOpen’s approach to what it calls the “blackbox” of Nvidia’s GameWorks middleware. With GameWorks, Nvidia develops visual effects for developers as a completed package they can easily plug in.
In the past, AMD officials have gone so far as to suggest—but never prove—that developers who used Nvidia’s GameWorks effects were contractually bound not to optimize for AMD and Intel graphics chips. Nvidia officials have denied the allegation, saying GameWorks eases the burden on developers—and challenging AMD and Intel to make comparable solutions.
Nvidia has a big head start
One problem AMD could have with GPUOpen is the two-year head start Nvidia has.
Jon Peddie, principal analyst with the Jon Peddie Report, said Nvidia’s advantage is mostly a short-term one.
“But remember, AMD hasn’t just entered the market, they’ve been assisting game developers for decades,” Peddie said. “The difference is Nvidia has formalized, organized, and market’ized GameWorks from a collection of sub routines, algorithms, middleware, and tools into a consolidated toolset.”
The advantage AMD will have is its unprecedented openess, he said.
”AMD has similar bits and pieces, and in addition to packaging them up, is going one step further and opening up...the inner workings of the register set of the GPU,” Peddie said. ”That enables developers do to neat tricks, or get a performance boost.
That’s a stark contrast to the way game development is traditionally done, Peddie continued. "In the past AMD and Nvidia would not reveal their interloop path secrets because they contained secret mechanisms, and the documentation and support would be horrendous. Now AMD is going to make it possible for certain qualified (by AMD) programmers to do it themselves. So the whole scope of GPUOpen is much bigger than just a library of calls and functions."