capsule review

Avoid Ads and Creepy Tracking Scripts With Privoxy

Today's Best Tech Deals

Picked by PCWorld's Editors

Top Deals On Great Products

Picked by Techconnect's Editors

At a Glance
  • Generic Company Place Holder Privoxy

Ad blocking is a controversial subject; much of the content you consume on the Web every day is made possible only thanks to ad revenue--and if everyone blocked ads, websites may have to use other means to generate revenue, such as putting their content behind a paywall. That said, some people feel that ads are not only irritating, but also violate their privacy. If you are of these people, Privoxy is a free tool that offers a wealth of ways to rid yourself of ads and tracking.

Privoxy screenshot
Privoxy can show a detailed log of all traffic it blocks and lets through, for troubleshooting purposes.
As its name implies, Privoxy is a proxy: It comes between your browser and the Web, intercepting HTTP and HTTPS (secure HTTP) traffic and acting as a traffic cop of sorts. Privoxy sanitizes the information your browser sends and receives. Content blocking works by simply not delivering the ad to the browser, or not fetching it at all, so there's nothing to display (or nothing to run, in case it's a JavaScript user tracking script).

There are many browser-specific add-ons for blocking ads, such as the excellent Adblock Plus for Firefox and Chrome. But these run within the browser, and may crash or make it slower. Privoxy runs outside the browser, and is browser-agnostic: All browsers on your system can use this single tool and surf ad-free, even if they don't have ad-blocking plugins of their own.

Privoxy documentation screenshot
Privoxy's configuration files consist of hundreds of carefully documented lines.
If you are just looking to block ads, Privoxy is simple enough to use: Just install it, tell your browser to use it as a proxy (this changes from browser to browser), and you're done. I didn't tweak any configuration options, and ads all but disappeared from the websites I tested. I did notice a couple of quirks, such as images not loading on a test website, but when I tried the same website in a different browser it worked fine (and then it started working in the first browser too).

While Privoxy's default configuration is robust enough, if you feel the need to troubleshoot or modify anything, you'd best set aside an hour or two to dig through the extensive documentation and lengthy configuration files. Privoxy provides a built-in troubleshooting tool to help you understand why it blocked (or didn't block) a certain URL, but its output can be cryptic and is a far cry from intuitive browser tools that let you eliminate ads just by clicking on them. Privoxy's FAQ claims that "complicated is in the eye of the beholder"--well, this beholder sure feels it's complicated.

Privoxy Web configuration tool screenshot
Privoxy offers a Web-based configuration tool, but it is only marginally easier to use than editing the files by hand.
Privoxy's documentation shows how passionate the authors are about ad blocking and privacy protection on the Web: I don't remember the last time I've read a manual that referred to a software product as "a veritable arsenal of tools with which to exert our control, preferences and independence."

Whether or not Privoxy's immense power is worth the hassle of configuring it is up to you--just like deciding if you want to use an ad blocker in the first place.

Note: This file is donationware. It is free to use, but the developer accepts donations.

--Erez Zukerman

Note: When you purchase something after clicking links in our articles, we may earn a small commission. Read our affiliate link policy for more details.
At a Glance
  • Privoxy is a free, open-source local proxy for blocking ads and tracking scripts.


    • Supports all browsers
    • Free
    • Fast initial configuration


    • Difficult to troubleshoot
    • Complex configuration
Shop Tech Products at Amazon