The AMD Ryzen 7 4700U arrives at a key moment for laptop CPUs. After AMD launched its 7nm Ryzen 4000 CPU family at CES and dealt a first, crushing blow with the Ryzen 9 4900HS chip in high-end notebook PCs, the company has its eyes on the real prize: U-class laptops. Yes, those sub-three-pound slivers (known in a past life as Ultrabooks) everyone casually carries into meetings or lays on the table in a cafe.
The vast majority of laptops today fit into this category. Traditionally they’re known to sacrifice performance for lighter weight and thinner design. AMD’s offerings in this area have been weak in the past, so the company focused on optimizing Ryzen 4000 for thinner notebook PCs. Everyone wants to know if AMD’s Ryzen “U” chips finally have what it takes.
Our test subject, the first Ryzen 7 4700U laptop we’ve tested, is Acer’s Swift 3. Yes, don’t rub your eyes, we’re about to put a budget $650 laptop against laptops that cost many times more. To find out which one wins, read on.
As you can’t test a laptop CPU by itself, we selected three models to represent their respective CPUs. Acer’s Swift 3 SF314-42 debuts with AMD’s Ryzen 7 4700U, code-named “Renoir.” This budget CPU features 8 cores, but without Symmetrical Multi-Threading (that’s reserved for the Ryzen 7 4800U), so it’s limited to 8 total threads. The Swift 3 comes with 8GB of LPDDR4X/3733 RAM and a 14-inch display.
Representing Intel are Dell’s XPS 13 7390 with Intel’s Comet Lake U 10th-gen Core i7 10710U, and Dell’s XPS 13 2-in-1 7390 with Intel’s Ice Lake 10th-gen Core i7-1065G7. The top-end Comet Lake U features 6 cores and 12 threads, while the Ice Lake chip features 4 cores with 8 threads. We consider both XPS laptops to be good comparisons, as they usually top the charts in performance over most of the laptops we see. They both have 16GB of RAM compared to the Acer’s 8GB, but the Dell XPS 13 7390 uses slower LPDDR3, while the XPS 13 2-in-1 uses LPDDR4X/3733. The XPS 13’s display is 13.3 inches, and the XPS 13 2-in-1’s screen is 13.4 inches.
All three laptops were running the latest public build of Windows 10 (1909 18363.815) and the latest drivers and UEFI, to bring them in line with all of the security mitigations. While the Acer didn’t appear to have any performance settings other than Window 10’s slider (remember, it’s a $650 budget laptop), both Dell XPS laptops were run using their Ultra Performance settings.
We also want to mention that testing three laptops at home during shelter-in-place required some accommodation. With ambient temperatures always shifting in our test lab-slash-dining room, we stopped testing when the temps got too high. For consistency, all of the results we show are from the laptops running the same tests at the same time.
The last fact we should mention is the price. While both XPS 13’s are essentially the cream of the crop and priced accordingly, the Swift 3 here is a commoner at $650.
Ryzen 7 4700U CPU Performance
We’ll kick this off with Maxon’s Cinebench R20. It’s a recently updated test made to measure how fast a CPU renders a 3D model. It uses the company’s Cinema4D engine, which is integrated into major products including Adobe Premiere Pro CC.
Intel has argued that using 3D modelling benchmarks isn’t useful in thin-and-light laptops, because very few people buy them for that kind of work. While we somewhat agree, we also see there’s enough performance potential now in thin-and-lights that you could shed a few pounds (in power brick, too), yet still enjoy multi-core performance.
As the chart below shows, you could enjoy plenty from Ryzen 7 4700U, which was 23 percent faster than Intel’s most advanced 10th-gen Core i7-1065G7 chip. It’s also about 14 percent faster than Intel’s top-end 6-core, 12-thread Core i7-10710U. Remember: This Ryzen 7 4700U doesn’t even have SMT turned on.
To focus on Intel’s contention that single-threaded performance matters most, we use Cinebench R20 set to a single thread. It’s not the same as running a spell-check in Microsoft Word, but it does give you an indication of the chip’s performance under load.
The results above are basically a tie. The “winner” here is Ryzen 7 4700U, which comes in slightly ahead of the Core i7-10710U Comet Lake U. You’d expect the Comet Lake U’s 4.7GHz turbo boost clock to win this over the Ryzen 7 4700U’s 4GHz boost clock, but Cinebench R20 takes far longer to run than the older Cinebench R15 and uses AVX, AVX2, and AVX512, which can drag down the boost clocks. (See our Cinebench R15 results at the end of the review.)
Our next CPU test measures performance under more stressful conditions. We normally use an older, 0.9.9 version of the free HandBrake utility to convert a 30GB, 1080p video using the Android Tablet preset. Both 1080p and Android tablets are about as far behind us as 2014, though, so we took this chance run the latest public version of HandBrake, version 1.3.1, and convert the open-source 4K video, Tears of Steel, using the H.265 Matroska 1080p/30 preset.
For this test, the encode is done purely on the x86 cores. Obviously, the shorter result is better, because that means less time waiting for the encode.
As you can see below, Ryzen 7 4700U wins by a mile, coming in about 30 percent faster than the Core i7-10710U. Against the more advanced 10nm Core i7-1065G7, you’re looking at a 36-percent difference. Remember, the Ryzen 7 4700U doesn’t even have SMT.
The previous encode uses the x86 side to perform the video transcode. That’s kind of old-school when you have the advanced media engines in the chips. To look at that, we used the same 4K Tears of Steel video and encoded it using the H.265 preset; however, we switched it to use the QuickSync encoding engine for Intel, and AMD’s new VCE (Video Coding Engine). We set all three to use the Main Profile setting and Peak Frame Rate at 30 fps (the QuickSync preset defaults to the older Variable Frame Rate setting, set to Same as Source).
As you can see in the chart above, AMD’s VCE crosses the finish line first, about 11 percent faster than the Core i7-1065G7. The Core i7-10710U and its older media engine are about 28 percent slower.
AMD’s VCE engine wins on performance, but one variable we don’t consider is the quality of the video encoded by QuickSync and VCE. Even though both are using the same settings in HandBrake, it’s not quite equal if one is producing inferior video. Perhaps we’ll ask our video nerds to check the video quality. For now, we’ll still give it to AMD’s VCE. And if this isn’t enough CPU data for you, check out our companion story with the full roster of benchmarks on Ryzen 7 4700U.
Ryzen 7 4700U GPU Performance
For the next section we’ll move on to graphics performance. The 14nm, 10th-gen Core i7-10710U offers essentially the same graphics engine we’ve seen for many years now, Intel UHD, with a number to denote its performance. Intel has more recently dropped the number, and we sometimes don’t even see the U anymore either. The 10nm, 10th-gen Core i7-1065G7 gets a much more advanced Iris Plus graphics engine, which was a welcome change when introduced. It’s enough to make low-power discrete Nvidia MX graphics nervous.
Still, synthetic tests help illustrate the limitations. 3DMark’s Sky Diver (below) is well suited for basic gaming measurements. As you can see, the Ryzen 7 4700U with Radeon graphics is about 12 percent faster in the graphics-only sub-test, which mostly filters out CPU performance. You can find our results for 3DMark Fire Strike and more in our companion article of all the benchmarks we ran on Ryzen 7 4700U.
Ryzen 7 4700U Battery life
Perhaps one metric that overshadows all is battery life. Our video rundown test uses the same Tears of Steel 4K video and loops it using Windows 10’s Movies & TV player (the most efficient one in town). We put the laptop into airplane mode, connect earbuds to minimize the speaker driver impact, and set screen brightness to 250 to 260 nits.
Note that this chart includes some older test results. We used the official scores from the reviews of both the Dell laptops, as OS and UEFI updates should not affect this test. We also brought in the results from recent Intel-based Swift 3 laptops we’ve tested, with 8th-gen Whiskey Lake and 10th-gen Ice Lake chips.
Here’s the one place where Ryzen 7 4700U stumbles. It posts an unremarkable 8 hours and 10 minutes of runtime, compared to nearly 10 hours for the XPS 13, and nearly 12 hours for the XPS 13 2-in-1. Also note that the XPS 13 we tested features a 4K screen, which consumes far more power than 1080p panels such as the one in the Acer Swift 3. The same XPS 13 with an FHD screen might have lasted an additional three to four hours.
To be fair, the Ryzen-based Swift 3 is mostly in line with two of the three other Core-based Swift 3’s we’ve tested. At this point, we think it’s safe to say that battery life on the Acer Swift 3 is middling across the board, and it may have nothing to do with the Ryzen chip. We’ll wait until we’ve tested seven or eight Ryzen 4000-based laptops to establish a trend for this CPU family. (We should note that the Ryzen 9 4900HS in the Asus ROG Zephyrus G14 gave us fantastic video rundown performance).
Ryzen 7 4700U: The chip that won’t quit
To wrap it up, we’ll help you visualize the strength of the Ryzen 7 4700U: CPU performance. For that we use the older and lighter Cinebench R15 and run it from 1 thread to the maximum amount. For the Comet Lake U Core i7-10710U, that’s 12. The runs are performed sequentially, with a few minutes’ rest in between.
In the chart below, we see a regression in performance with the Core i7-10710U that is hard to understand. We think it might be our issues with the ambient room temperature. On a cooler morning we’ll rerun this, but remember: We ran the Ryzen 7 under the same conditions.
We also graph out the performance difference, below. As you can see, the Ryzen 7 4700U is underwater on those light loads, where the higher boost clocks of the Core i7-10710U have an advantage in Cinebench R15. The Ryzen 7 4700U opens up a big lead down the home stretch. Even though the Core i7-10710U has 12 threads in a test that favors more threads, the 8-core-only Ryzen 7 4700U fights it to a standstill. Overall, we’d say it’s a win for AMD, especially when you consider the Ryzen 7’s better GPU.
The more interesting battle is between AMD’s 7nm Ryzen 7 4700U and Intel’s 10nm Core i7-1065G7. We’ve already seen how close the two can be at times, even in graphics performance. The main issue for the Intel chip is it doesn’t go beyond 4 cores. When you compare the Ryzen 7 4700U against the Core i7-1065G7, it looks like this.
That probably doesn’t look like much, so here is the performance difference by percent. Both chips are actually dead even on single-core performance, but as you ramp up, the Ryzen 7 4700U doesn’t look back. It’s basically double digits, with a whopping 22-percent difference at 8 threads. The basic lesson is while Hyper-Threading helps quite a bit, it’s not enough to beat 8 physical cores. This is likely to look even uglier with the Ryzen 7 4800U, which has SMT (AMD’s Hyper-Threading) switched on.
Ryzen 4000 continues to change the game
Ryzen 4000’s journey is by far not perfect. During our Ryzen 7 4700U testing, we tried to create a workload using Windows 10’s overlooked but awesome Video Editor (yes, that’s its name). We took the 4K Tears of Steel video, added ugly titles, 3D effects, and “denim” filter effect, exporting it to 1080p.
On the Dell XPS 13 2-in-1, the project and export ran as smooth as butter—very impressive for an ultralight laptop. We tried the same with the Swift 3 and Ryzen 7, but the project just hung when hardware acceleration (AMD’s VCE) was enabled. We’re sure this issue will be corrected once Microsoft notices, but we bring this up as a reminder that AMD is moving in to a world that’s been largely focused on Intel CPUs for a long, long time.
Before we end this, we want to help put some perspective on AMD’s Ryzen 7 4700U and Acer’s Swift 3. Remember that this is a budget $650 laptop with 8GB of RAM and 512GB SSD. It’s basically cooled by a single heat pipe and fan, vs. the intricate copper vapor chambers of the XPS 13 2-in-1 or dual fans of the XPS 13. Even so, the Swift 3 was always well-behaved and never the first to offend with fan noise. That’s nearly the same experience we saw on Asus’ ROG Zephyrus G14 on CPU operations. We can’t say the same for most Intel-based laptops when pushed hard.
Yet this modest Swift 3 budgetbook offers performance that actually puts it into the ballpark of Intel’s 9th-gen H-class laptops. You can see that illustrated below, where we drop the Acer Swift 3 into a pack of H-class gaming laptops. The longer red line belongs to the Ryzen 9-powered Asus ROG Zephyrus G14.
We’ll show it yet again in the more intensive HandBrake test, this time using the older version, where we transcode a 30GB 1080p MKV file using the Android Tablet preset. The workload favors more cores and threads. The Acer Swift 3 with its Ryzen 7 4700U is in line with 6-core, 12-thread Core i7-8750H and Core i7-9750H chips in laptops that weigh five pounds or more, typically. Yes, those H-class gaming laptops would whup the Swift 3 silly in gaming—but in CPU performance, it’s way too close for comfort for Intel fans.
The Ryzen 7 4700U delivers simply stunning performance that raises the bar for what we’ve come to expect of U-class laptops. Only its battery life falls back to earth (and that may change as we see more laptop implementations.) Overall, it’s yet more proof of just how much of a game-changer the Ryzen 4000 CPUs are.
Correction: A previous version of this story included a photo caption that incorrectly stated the amount of RAM. PCWorld regrets the error.